Every day, we are always faced with music. Music can come from television, radio, cellphones and daily singing habits. Music is an art that prioritizes the use of vocals, rhythm, melody, harmony and tempo. Music contains certain elements so that it produces a sound that sounds melodious. The musical elements can be in the form of melody, rhythm, harmony, tempo, notation, timbre, scales, dynamics and bars. All these elements must exist in a music so that the song that is created can be well received by the listeners.
Harmony is a musical element that is the result of a combination of 2 or more tones. All of these notes have different highs and lows. Harmony is a combination of several notes whose existence is hidden simultaneously or arpegic. An explanation of other musical elements can be found through the information below:
- Rhythm or rhythm
Rhythm is a group of sounds that come with a different accent and stress on each note. Rhythm can also be interpreted as a long series of short notes. Being an element of music, the existence of rhythm is very important.
- Melody is a series of tones that are heard simultaneously to express an idea or idea. The melody in the composition of the song acts as a vocal or the core of the song.
- Song structure
Is a relationship between elements of the season of the song. With the structure of this song, the composition of the song can be presented well. The song can only be heard by other people if it already has a song structure.
- Tempo sign
The tempo sign is the speed at which the song plays. This tempo mark can be divided into 3 parts such as slow tempo, medium tempo and fast tempo. In the world of music, tempo is a challenge for all singers. If the tempo is not done regularly, the music will have a bad influence.
In the world of music, expression is also part of the elements of music. With expression, a singer can express his feelings and thoughts which include dynamics, color and tempo. In staging a piece of music, expression is very important. Timbre is another musical element that needs to be known. Timbre is the color or quality of sound. This element can have an influence on the source of sound and vibration.
Not only has the elements, the art of music also has a function for the listeners. According to a book entitled The Anthropology of Music, music has its own purpose. One of its purposes is as an emotional mechanism for large groups through similar actions. Music also serves as an aesthetic gratification. Aesthetic issues related to music are not an easy matter. Music should be demonstrated for our own culture and the culture of others. Not only that, below are other functions of music:
a. As an entertainment
Music as entertainment is not a new thing. Many people feel depressed, sad and happy due to several things. Music can be used as entertainment in overcoming all these feelings.
b. Communication tool
Music can convey things that we cannot express directly. From music too, we can understand the message of the song embedded in each of the lyrics.
c. Social integration contribution
d. Physical response
Based on the existing facts, music is able to provoke a physical response in the human social world. This form of response arises from certain customs.
e. Symbolic representation
There is some doubt that the function of music is part of other symbolic representations of behavior and ideas.